National Emission Reduction Plan (NERP) for Bosnia and Herzegovina
In 2015 SEEC drafted the National Emission Reduction Plan (NERP) for Bosnia and Herzegovina according to the Energy Community (EnC)requirements.Preparation of NERP had been contracted with the Advanced Engineering Associates International, Inc. (AEAI) as a part of broader Energy Investment Activity - EIA project financed by the United States Agency for International Development (US AID). NERP had been submitted by the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relation so Bosnia and Herzegovina to the Secretariat of EnC by the deadline of end 2015.
NERP of Bosnia and Herzegovina has been prepared according to the Policy Guidelines on the preparation of National Emission Reduction Plans, issued by the Energy Community Secretariat (EnCS) on December 19th 2014.
This NERP is related to the emission reductions of sulfur-dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and dust from large combustion plants (LCP) in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), here presented for the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) and the Republic of Srpska (RS), as constituent entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
NERP was prepared having in mind the requirements of the Energy Community Treaty, as well as the adjusted requirements of the Directive 2001/80/EC on the limitation of emissions of certain pollutants into the air from large combustion plants (Large Combustion Plants Directive (LCPD)) and the Directive 2010/75/EU on industrial emissions (Industrial Emissions Directive (IED))and taking into consideration data obtained from the operators of thermal power plants and industrial combined heat and power (CHP) plants.
In BiH, there are presently four thermal power plants, with nine large combustion plant units and one industrial CHP plant with three large combustion plant units that have a rated thermal input equal to or greater than 50 MWth, which are subject to the LCPD and IED requirements for the reduction of emission of pollutants. For the Energy Community Contracting Parties only large combustion plants (LCPs) that are used for generating electricity that is, at least in part, delivered to the grid are subject to these Directives. The LCPs that are used to produce electricity that is not delivered to the grid are not subject to these Directives.
None of the operators of LCPs selected the option of compliance with the emission limit values (ELVs); for ten LCPs the operators selected the option to be included in NERP; and for two LCPs the operators selected the option of the Limited Lifetime Derogation Option.
The LCP thermal input varies from 84 MW to 800 MW, which in total amounts to 5,339 MW. All of them use brown coal and/or lignite as fuel, with the exception of an industrial CHP plant at the Natron-Hayat company, which uses black liquor as fuel.
All large combustion plants in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2014 emitted about 273,577 tons of SO2, about 20,511 tons of NOx, and around 6,616 tons of dust. The ultimate objective of the NERP is to reduce emissions from the LCPs included in the NERP by 01/01/2028to the level of 14,243 tons of SO2, 7,746 tons of NOx and 780 tons of dust.
The Energy Community Secretariat has nine months to analyze the plans and provide comments, if necessary. Up to date comments and opinions are only positive emphasizing that this is only NERP which is fully prepared according with the requirements of the Policy Guidelines by the Energy Community Secretariat on the Preparation of National Emission Reduction Plans.